Yes! We recommend that you floss. Flossing removes the bacterial plaque that builds up between your teeth. Brushing alone cannot reach this plaque. This can lead to gum disease, and cavities in between the teeth.

We recommend that you brush your teeth for two minutes. Most americans only brush for 45 seconds which is not long enough. Electric toothbrushes usually have a two minute timer. If you are using a manual toothbrush then make sure to use a timer. Don’t forget to floss!

We recommend using a mouthwash. It helps to kill bacteria associated with gum disease and bad breath. Dr. Ray recommends using Listerine Total Care Anticavity this also contains fluoride which helps keep your teeth strong.

It does not matter what brand of toothpaste you use as long as it has small particle size and contains fluoride. We have a list of low particles size toothpastes available at the office, but pronamel is one we most commonly recommend.

Rinse your mouth with water after a meal or snack to neutralize acid and reduce bacteria by 30%. Also chewing sugarless gum or gum containing Xylotol has been shown to decrease the incidence of decay.

Whitening toothpastes will remove some surface stains, but not change the inherent shade of the teeth.

There is some evidence that over-the-counter bleaching products do whiten teeth. However these products are not used under the supervision of your dentist and there may be potential problems which may need attention prior to whitening in this way. Also, the trays usually sold with these products do not fit as well as those that are custom made by your dentist. As a result, damage to your gums and teeth is possible.

Ulcers are very difficult to treat. There is no proven technique that will eliminate ulcers. They can occur as a result of trauma or due to a viral source. Depending on their cause there are specific medications that can shorten their duration. Left alone, ulcers will generally diminish and disappear in two weeks.

Bad breath or halitosis, can be caused by many things. The most common cause is the presence of bacteria in your mouth and on your tongue. These bacteria produce odorous compounds. In some cases, the cause of bad breath can be from your diet.

Tooth decay is caused by bacteria (plaque) in your mouth which react with sugary and starchy deposits from food you eat. This reaction produces acid which damages the enamel over time and weakens the tooth.

Cold sensitivity can be due a number of reasons. Some people are just generally more sensitive to temperature changes. Other causes may be due to recession of the gum tissue, abrasions of the teeth, large metal restorations or decay. Treatments for this condition can include fillings, fluoride applications or the use of desensitizing toothpastes.

Your gums bleed as a result of inflammation caused by the presence of bacteria in your mouth. This bacteria when not properly cleaned off your teeth will result in an irritation of the gum tissue. This irritation called gingivitis, will result in red, puffy and bleeding gums. Gone untreated, it can progress into periodontal disease.